Facing eviction in Los Angeles is a shocking and stressful predicament for anyone. As one of the most populated metropolitan areas in the world, Los Angeles has the highest number of eviction cases in California. Fortunately, as tenants in Los Angeles, there are a lot of additional legal protections that are found only in very few other cities in California. Los Angeles has eviction protections and tenant laws that are in addition to the multitude of eviction protections for tenants in California.
California has an abundant and detailed set of laws related to landlord-tenant relationships. There are already many eviction protections for all tenants throughout California. For example, California Civil Code Section 1946.1 says that a landlord must give a tenant, who has resided at the same unit longer than one year, at least 60 days’ notice to terminate tenancy.
However, tenants in the City of Los Angeles have additional eviction protections. In addition to the State law, there are more eviction laws under the Los Angeles Municipal Code or LAMC. LAMC Chapter 15, otherwise known as the “Rent Stabilization Ordinance” or “RSO” outlines the additional Los Angeles Eviction laws. The RSO applies to multi-family units built before October 1, 1978. To find if your unit falls under the RSO eviction laws, check with the Los Angeles Housing Department or with your Los Angeles Real Estate attorney.LOS ANGELES RENT STABILIZATION ORDINANCE
Under the RSO, tenants are afforded more stringent eviction controls. Tenants cannot be evicted, as shown in the example above, with a 30 or 60-day notice to terminate tenancy. This type of eviction is not legal in the City of Los Angeles (LAMC Section 151.09). There are certain key differences between some of the California laws and Los Angeles Municipal Code:
The Los Angeles Rent Stabilization Ordinance controls the amount of rent increases a landlord may charge, thus maintaining affordable housing for renters. A limit or “control” is placed on how much rent may be increased every year. In addition to “controlling” rent, the RSO also “controls” evictions. There are strict rules a landlord must follow to evict a tenant in Los Angeles who resides under RSO protection. These are called “just cause” evictions. Some of these are as follows:
These additional laws under the RSO make evictions in Los Angeles difficult for landlords, and allow tenants peace of mind to sustain a “home,” especially in such a high population area where affordable housing is limited. Landlords must have “just cause” to evict a tenant in Los Angeles.LOS ANGELES EVICTION CONTROLLED AREAS
Many residents of Los Angeles County live in an area or “neighborhood” that is not actually an independent city of its own but also part of the City of Los Angeles. Many residents of these areas think they live in a different city because it's named like one, such as “North Hollywood.” But, these are actually “neighborhoods” that are all part of the City of Los Angeles. Residents in these neighborhoods are also protected by the Los Angeles Municipal Code against “no cause” eviction. Currently, the neighborhoods and areas covered by the Los Angeles RSO are:
If a landlord in Los Angeles chooses to evict a tenant, in some cases, the RSO has stern guidelines that must be followed. Depending on the circumstance, the landlord is required by the RSO to pay “relocation assistance” to each tenant. The landlord must PAY to evict. Some of the circumstances requiring relocation assistance are:
Surprisingly, there is a substantial number of landlords who violate or attempt to violate the Los Angeles eviction laws. More so, there are even more tenants who don't know about these eviction laws and the many tenant protections in Los Angeles. To assist tenants with these matters, there are a fair number of agencies within Los Angeles providing eviction help.
These services, and many others not listed here, are positive sources of assistance for tenants facing eviction. However, the down-side to these agencies are: require proof of need (low-income); share in costs; lengthy waiting in line; unreachable by phone; limited support; short-staffed; restricted hours of availability; and involve missing time from work.
In short, tenants facing eviction in Los Angeles are protected by many laws, have a vast amount of available resources, and share a variety of services to defend them. If you are facing a Los Angeles eviction, you have a lot of help.
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